Big farms in the United States keep getting bigger, mostly at the expense of small- and mid-sized farms, according to the USDA. And while the number of small farms increased, acreage and production on those smaller farms have not risen.
In 2015, just over half, or 51 percent, of the total value of farm production in the United States was generated by large farms. In 1991, that number was 31 percent. Between 1987 and 2012, the percentage of cropland on farms with greater than 2,000 acres doubled.
There were just over 2 million farms in the U.S. in 2017. Texas leads the nation in the number of farms with over 70,000. Missouri and Iowa are in second and third place with Oklahoma and California rounding out the top five.